Jan.26, 2013

2,000 years ago a young woman was buried only yards away from a king's pyramid. She was 5 feet 2 inches (157cm) in height, a research shows she died when she was around 20 years old.

The beautifully decorated coffin of the Mummy of this young woman | CREDIT: Nicolas Morin, McGill University

High-resolution CT scans reveal that, before she was buried, her hair was dressed in an elaborate hairstyle. LiveScience reported.

"The mummy's hair is readily appreciable, with longer strands at the middle of the scalp drawn back into twists or plaits that were then wound into a tutulus, or chignon at the vertex (crown) of the head," writes a research team in a paper published recently in the journal RSNA RadioGraphics. They note that it was a popular hairstyle at the time, which may have been inspired by a Roman empress, Faustina I, who lived in the second century.

Thanks to skeletal data from recent CT scans and radiocarbon analyses, a forensic artist from John Abbott College (JAC) and physical anthropologists from Western University were able to reconstruct the faces of this woman, along with two other mummies.

CREDIT: Courtesy Victoria Lywood

Using 3D printing technology normally used in manufacturing and rapid prototyping provided by the Engineering Department of JAC, the team changed digital information from medical CT scans into solid 3D models of each mummy's skull and jaw.

Egyptian tissue depth data derived from ultrasonic imaging of modern Egyptians were used to flesh out the faces. A diversity of skin tone is shown to reflect the Mediterranean, North African, and Sub-Saharan mixture of the Egyptian population as noted throughout history. Hairstyles were pulled from earlier anthropology reports and detected through the wrappings worn by one of the mummies.

One lies hidden inside a coffin. Another has his face exposed with hands extended at his sides. A third wears a mask over her face. They are three human Egyptian mummies that have been trapped in the manner they held when laid to rest nearly 2,000 years ago. And now we can reveal what they might have looked like, notes the team.

These facial reconstructions were unveiled on Friday, January 25, 2013 at the Redpath Museum at McGill University and will be featured as a new display in the World Cultures gallery starting in February.

Western University researcher Andrew Wade, a leading member of the team, said at a recent Egyptology symposium in Toronto that the development of high-resolution CT scans has played a key role in advancing the study of Egyptian mummies, including these three individuals, unveiling tiny details that help bring their past to life.

"The high spatial and contrast resolution of the last decade of CT studies of mummies has allowed us to examine the paleo-anatomic minutiae (of mummies)," he said.

In 2010 Materialise made an exact replica of the mummy of Tutankhamun with 3D printing technologies. Watch the video below the whole process of making the 3D printed Replica of King Tut 's mummy.


 

Via: LiveScience

 

 

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